He aha ka uku haʻahaʻa UK?

He aha ka uku liʻiliʻi ma ʻEnelani?

Ma UK, ua kapa ʻia ka uku haʻahaʻa ʻo National Living Wage a ua hoʻoholo ʻia e ka Low Pay Commission. I kēlā me kēia makahiki, hoʻomākaukau ke Komisina i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka uku haʻahaʻa e pono ai a ua ʻae ʻia kēia hōʻike e ke Aupuni.

Ma ka makahiki 2023, e like me kaʻu noiʻi ʻana ma ka pūnaewele o ka UK Ministry of Labor, ʻo ka uku haʻahaʻa ma UK penei:

  • No nā limahana 23 a ʻoi aku: £9,50 i kēlā me kēia hola
  • No nā limahana 21-22 makahiki: £9,18 i kēlā me kēia hola
  • No nā limahana 18-20 makahiki: £6,83 i kēlā me kēia hola
  • No nā limahana ma lalo o 18: £4,81 i kēlā me kēia hola

E piʻi ka uku haʻahaʻa ma ʻEnelani i £2024 i kēlā me kēia hola ma ʻApelila 10,42.

Hoʻolālā ʻia ka uku haʻahaʻa ma UK e kōkua i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i nā kūlana ola no nā limahana. Eia nō naʻe, aia kekahi hopohopo e hoʻonui i ka uku haʻahaʻa e hoʻonui ai i ka hana ʻole.

Ke koi nei ka Trades Union Congress (TUC) e hoʻonui ʻia ka uku haʻahaʻa ma UK i £15 i hoʻokahi hola. Manaʻo ka TUC ʻo ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka uku liʻiliʻi e hāʻawi i ke kōkua no nā limahana a me ko lākou ʻohana a ʻaʻole e hoʻonui i ka nele i ka hana.

ʻO ka uku haʻahaʻa ma UK no nā makahiki he 10 i hala

ʻO nā uku liʻiliʻi loa i nā makahiki he 10 i hala ma ʻEnelani

Ua hoʻonui ʻia ka uku haʻahaʻa ma UK i kēlā me kēia makahiki mai 2013. Hoʻonui pinepine ʻia kēia piʻi ʻana me ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i ka inflation a me ke kumukūʻai o ke ola.

Eia ka uku haʻahaʻa ma UK no nā makahiki 10 i hala iho nei:

Makahiki23 makahiki a keu aku21-22 mau makahiki18-20 mau makahikima lalo o 18 makahiki
2023£9,50£9,18£6,83£4,81
2022£8,91£8,59£6,55£4,62
2021£8,91£8,59£6,55£4,62
2020£8,21£7,89£6,08£4,28
2019£8,21£7,89£6,08£4,28
2018£7,83£7,51£5,82£4,04
2017£7,83£7,51£5,82£4,04
2016£7,20£6,88£5,45£3,77
2015£7,20£6,88£5,45£3,77

Kālā UK

ʻO ke kālā o ʻEnelani he sterling (GBP). Ua like ka 1 paona me 100 peni.

ʻO Sterling kahi kālā i nalowale i ka waiwai kūʻē i ke kālā a me ka euro i nā makahiki i hala. I ka makahiki 2023, ʻo ka £1 ka mea e like me $1,25 a me ka €1,15.

ʻO nā kumu nui i lilo ai ka waiwai o Sterling i ke kālā a me ka Euro, ʻo ia ka kānalua i hana ʻia e Brexit, ka lohi o ka hoʻokele honua a me ka makemake ʻole o ka Bank of England e hoʻonui i ka uku ukupanee.

ʻO Brexit kahi kaʻina politika e pili ana i ka haʻalele ʻana o United Kingdom mai ka European Union. He hopena maikaʻi ʻole kēia kaʻina hana i ka hoʻokele waiwai Pelekane a ua lilo ka paona sterling i ka waiwai.

ʻO ka emi ʻana o ka hoʻokele waiwai o ka honua i kōkua pū i ka emi ʻana o ka sterling. ʻO ka emiʻana o ka hoʻokele waiwai o ka honua i mea e pale ai i nā mea waiwai waiwai a huli i nā waiwai palekana e like me ka sterling.

Ke ho'āʻo nei ka Bank of England e kākoʻo i ka waiwai o ka sterling ma o ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka uku ukupanee. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole makemake ka Central Bank e hoʻonui i ka uku ukupanee. ʻO kēia kūlana ke kumu e lilo ai ka waiwai o ka sterling.

ʻO ka emi ʻana o ka sterling e kūʻē i ke kālā a me ka euro e hana i kahi kūlana maikaʻi no ka poʻe mākaʻikaʻi e hele ana i ʻEnelani. Eia naʻe, he pōʻino ia no ka poʻe e noho ana ma ʻEnelani. No ka mea, ʻo ka poʻe e noho ana ma UK e uku hou aku no nā kūʻai i hana ʻia ma nā kālā a me nā euro.

Nā hola hana o kēlā me kēia pule ma ʻEnelani

ʻO ka pule hana maʻamau ma UK he 40 mau hola. Hiki ke helu ʻia kēia manawa he 5 lā x 8 hola. Eia nō naʻe, i kekahi mau ʻoihana, hiki ke hoʻoholo ʻia nā hola hana o kēlā me kēia pule he 35 mau hola a i ʻole 37,5 mau hola.

ʻO nā hola hana i kēlā me kēia lā ma ʻEnelani he 8 mau hola. Eia nō naʻe, i kekahi mau ʻoihana, hiki ke hoʻoholo ʻia nā hola hana o kēlā me kēia lā he 7 a i ʻole 9 mau hola.

Na Kumukuai Kaa Awelika ma UK

ʻOkoʻa nā kumukūʻai kaʻa ma UK ma muli o ka hana, ke ʻano a me ka makahiki o ke kaʻa. Eia naʻe, ma ka ʻōlelo maʻamau, ʻo ke kaʻa maʻamau ma UK ke kumukūʻai ma waena o £25.000 a me £35.000.

Na Kumukuai Kaa Hou ma Enelani

ʻOkoʻa nā kumukūʻai kaʻa hou ma UK ma muli o ka brand, model a me nā lako o ke kaʻa. Eia naʻe, ma ka ʻōlelo maʻamau, he kaʻa hou ma UK ke kumukūʻai ma waena o £25.000 a me £50.000.

BMW

BMW 1 Series: £29.995

BMW 2 Series Gran Coupe: £33.625

BMW 3 Series: £38.375

BMW 4 Series: £43.575

BMW 5 Series: £49.275

BMW 6 Series: £62.975

BMW 7 Series: £89.975

ʻo Mercedes-Benz

ʻO Mercedes-Benz A-Class: £28.675

ʻO Mercedes-Benz B-Class: £31.475

ʻO Mercedes-Benz C-Class: £36.175

ʻO Mercedes-Benz E-Class: £43.275

ʻO Mercedes-Benz S-Class: £62.975

Mercedes-Benz GLE: £66.975

Mercedes-Benz GLS: £81.975

Nā Kaʻa i wae ʻia i ka nānā ʻana

  • BMW 1 Series
  • ʻO Mercedes-Benz A-Class

BMW 1 Series

He kaʻa ʻohana paʻa ka BMW 1 Series. No ka makahiki hoʻohālike 2023, hoʻomaka nā kumukūʻai no ka BMW 1 Series mai £29.995.

Hoʻolako ʻia ka BMW 1 Series me kahi mīkini ʻaila turbocharged 1.5-lita. Keia engine produces 136 horsepower a me 230 Nm o ka torque. E holo wikiwiki ana ka BMW 1 Series mai 0 a 100 km/h i 8,5 kekona.

ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona maʻamau o ka BMW 1 Series ka:

  • 17 iniha huila huila
  • Nā kukui LED
  • Nā kukui huelo LED
  • 8,8 iniha touchscreen infotainment nenoaiu
  • ʻO Apple CarPlay a me Android Auto
  • Bluetooth
  • ea hoʻoikaika kino
  • 6 mea haiolelo

ʻO Mercedes-Benz A-Class

ʻO ka Mercedes-Benz A Class he kaʻa ʻohana paʻa. No ka makahiki hoʻohālike 2023, hoʻomaka nā kumukūʻai no ka Mercedes-Benz A-Class mai £28.675.

Hoʻolako ʻia ka Mercedes-Benz A-Class me kahi mīkini ʻaila turbocharged 1.3 lita. Keia engine produces 163 horsepower a me 250 Nm o ka torque. ʻO Mercedes-Benz A Class ka wikiwiki mai 0 a 100 km/h i 7,3 kekona.

ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona maʻamau o ka Mercedes-Benz A Class penei:

  • 18 iniha huila huila
  • Nā kukui LED
  • Nā kukui huelo LED
  • 10,25 iniha touchscreen infotainment nenoaiu
  • ʻO Apple CarPlay a me Android Auto
  • Bluetooth
  • ea hoʻoikaika kino
  • 6 mea haiolelo

Na Kumukuai Hale Hoolimalima Awelika ma Enelani

ʻOkoʻa nā kumukūʻai hale hoʻolimalima ma ʻEnelani ma muli o ke kūlanakauhale, ka moku a me ka nui o ka pā. Eia nō naʻe, ma ka laulā, ʻo ka awelika hoʻolimalima no kahi paʻa ma ʻEnelani ma waena o £1.000 a me £2.000.

Na Kulanakauhale me na Hoolimalima Kiekie

  • Lākana: £1.500 – £4.000
  • Cambridge: £1.200 – £3.000
  • Oxford: £1.100 – £2.500
  • Brighton: £1.000 – £2.500
  • Bristol: £900 - £2.500

Kulanakauhale hoolimalima

  • Birmingham: £800 – £2.000
  • Manchester: £700 – £2.000
  • Leeds: £600 - £1.500
  • Sheffield: £500 – £1.500
  • Liverpool: £500 – £1.500

Na Kulanakauhale me ka Hoolimalima Haahaa

  • Newcastle: £400 – £1.200
  • Sunderland: £300 – £1.000
  • Stoke-on-Trent: £250 – £1.000
  • Blackpool: £200 – £800
  • Hull: £200 – £800

ʻO nā ʻoihana uku kiʻekiʻe loa ma UK

ʻO nā ʻoihana uku kiʻekiʻe loa ma UK ʻo ia ka poʻe e hana nei i ka ʻoihana kālā, ʻenehana a me nā ʻoihana olakino. Hāʻawi kēia mau ʻoihana i nā uku hoʻokūkū i kēia mau limahana no ka mea maʻamau lākou e koi i nā limahana kūpono a ʻike.

Eia kekahi mau laʻana o nā ʻoihana uku kiʻekiʻe loa ma UK:

  • Waiwai: ʻO Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan Chase, Morgan Stanley, Deutsche Bank, Barclays
  • enehana: Google, Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Microsoft
  • Ola: Pfizer, AstraZeneca, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis, Roche

ʻO nā uku maʻamau i hāʻawi ʻia e kēia mau hui no kekahi mau kūlana penei:

  • Waiwai:
    • Luna Nui: ma luna o £1 miliona
    • Lunahooponopono: £300.000 - £1 miliona
    • ʻIke: £100.000 - £300.000
  • enehana:
    • Luna Nui: ma luna o £1 miliona
    • Lunahooponopono: £500.000 - £1 miliona
    • ʻIke: £200.000 - £500.000
  • Ola:
    • Luna Nui: £500.000 - £1 miliona
    • Lunahooponopono: £200.000 – £500.000
    • ʻIke: £100.000 - £200.000

ʻOiaʻiʻo, he mau uku maʻamau wale nō kēia a ʻokoʻa paha nā uku maoli ma muli o ke ʻano o ke kūlana, ʻike a me ka ʻoihana.

ʻOi aku paha ka uku liʻiliʻi o UK ma luna o ka awelika ʻEulopa?

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻia nā kulekele uku liʻiliʻi o Pelekane no nā makahiki he nui. ʻO ka uku haʻahaʻa, he mea koʻikoʻi ia e pili ana i nā kuleana o nā limahana a me ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i ka loaʻa kālā, pili i ke kūlana ola o nā limahana. No laila, ʻoi aku ka uku haʻahaʻa o UK ma mua o ka awelika ʻEulopa?

Wahi a nā ʻikepili hou loa, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka uku haʻahaʻa o UK ma luna o ka awelika ʻEulopa. Ke nānā mau nei ke Aupuni UK i kāna mau kulekele uku haʻahaʻa a hoʻokō i kekahi mau hoʻonui i manaʻo ʻia he kūpono. Ma kēia ala, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka noho ʻana o nā limahana.

Mālama ʻia ka uku haʻahaʻa ma UK ma kahi pae i manaʻo ʻia e uhi i nā koina ola o nā limahana. ʻO ia ka manaʻo nui e hoʻokō i nā pono kumu a hāʻawi i ka hōʻoluʻolu i nā wahi e like me ka hale, ka meaʻai a me ka halihali. No laila, he mea koʻikoʻi ka pae o ka nohona pili kanaka i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i nā kulekele uku liʻiliʻi.

Eia kekahi, ua hoʻoholo ʻia nā kulekele uku haʻahaʻa o UK e like me nā kūlana o ka European Union. Ke noʻonoʻo nei i nā ʻokoʻa o ka uku liʻiliʻi ma waena o nā ʻāina EU, hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo e hāʻawi ka UK i kahi uku haʻahaʻa kiʻekiʻe ma mua o nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ka holomua o nā kulekele uku liʻiliʻi o Beretania he mea nui ia no ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka nohona o nā limahana. Eia nō naʻe, ʻaʻole pono e hoʻopoina ʻia nā hana hou aʻe i nā manawa a pau. ʻO nā pilikia e like me ka like ʻole o ka loaʻa kālā a me ka ʻilihune e mau nei a ʻoi aku ka nui o nā hana e pono ai ma kēia ʻano.

Kona Keahole

Kākau i pane